Get the best cancer treatment in India from experienced cancer doctor and world-class infrastructure at Shalby Hospitals.
Medical Oncology provides comprehensive cancer care with a multi-disciplinary treatment approach to all types of cancer (solid tumours and blood cancer). Medical oncology is the treatment of cancer using chemotherapeutic drugs. When cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, chemotherapy supports and reaffirms the effect of surgery. In advanced stage cancers it improves quality of life and prolongs survival. Chemotherapy plays a curative role in conditions like lymphoma, leukaemia and germ cell tumours.
Medical Oncology is concerned with…
- Cancer Screening: Breast cancer, Colon cancer, Cervical cancer, Prostate cancer
- The diagnosis of any cancer
- Therapy (e.g. Chemotherapy, Hormonal therapy, Immunotherapy and Monoclonal antibodies)
- Follow-up of cancer patients after successful treatment
- Palliative care of patients with terminal malignancies
- Pain management
The aim of cancer treatment is to relieve symptoms, cure the patient, and prolong or save life. When cancer is detected early, treatment is very effective and patients are usually cured.
In patients with advanced stage cancer, complete cure may not be possible, and its treatment aims to control the disease, improve quality of life, and keeping the patient normal and comfortable as long as possible. The treatment of each patient is designed to suit the individual and depends on many factors like age of the patient, general condition, type of cancer and stage of disease.
Surgery and radiotherapy can eradicate the disease from the primary site (site of origin) of cancer. Chemotherapy, hormonal therapy and immunotherapy are useful for disease which may have spread outside the site of origin of cancer.
The main modalities of treatment for cancer are…
Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer with one or more cytotoxic anti-neoplastic drugs (chemotherapeutic agents) as part of a standardized regimen. Chemotherapy may be given with a curative intent or it may aim to prolong life or palliate symptoms. It is often used in conjunction with other cancer treatments, such as radiation therapy, surgery, and/or hyperthermia therapy. Certain chemotherapeutic agents also have a role in the treatment of other conditions, including ankylosing spondylitis, multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s disease, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, and scleroderma.
Our experienced and empathetic chemo nurses use the latest chemo delivery devices to make treatment easier. This helps patients to complete planned drug cycles and prepares them for the next line of treatment, putting them on the path to recovery. The drugs are prepared under an infection-free Laminar Hood which maintains effectiveness. Chemotherapy can be administered in day care basis.
Traditional chemotherapeutic agents act by killing cells that divide rapidly, one of the chief properties of most cancer cells. This means that chemotherapy also harms cells that divide rapidly under normal circumstances i.e. cells in the bone marrow, digestive tract, and hair follicles. This results in the most common side-effects of chemotherapy: myelosuppression (decreased production of blood cells, hence also immunosuppression), mucositis (inflammation of the lining of the digestive tract), and alopecia (hair loss). G-CSF and pegylated G-CSF can be given to recover from myelosupression.
Chemotherapy may use one drug at a time (single-agent chemotherapy) or several drugs at once (combination chemotherapy or polychemotherapy). The combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is chemo-radiotherapy. Chemotherapy using drugs that exerts cytotoxic activity only upon light exposure is called photo-chemotherapy or photodynamic therapy.
Hormone therapy has limited use in cancer treatment since only minority of tumours are hormone sensitive e.g. breast and prostate cancer. This therapy provides systemic means of treatment to the whole body, but without the side effects of chemotherapy.
Immunotherapy is a form of treatment which stimulates the body’s immune system to destroy cancer cells. But it is expensive.
Monoclonal Antibody Therapy
It is the use of monoclonal antibodies (or mAb) to specifically target cells. The main objective is stimulating the patient’s immune system to attack the malignant tumour cells and the prevention of tumour growth by blocking specific cell receptors.
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