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Endocrinology – Diabetology

Endocrinology - Services offered

Endocrinology is the branch of physiology and medicine which deals with diseases of endocrine glands (pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenals and gonads) and hormones.

Hormonal problems covered include:

  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • Childhood diabetes (insulin dependent: type 1, neonatal diabetes)
  • Pregnancy related (gestational) diabetes

Obesity

  • Weight gain in children and adults

Thyroid gland problems

  • Hypothyroidism
  • Hyperthyroidism: Grave's disease, thyroiditis
  • Thyroid nodules, cancers
  • Thyroid problems in pregnancy

Reproductive problems

  • Early puberty
  • Delay in puberty (breast development, menstruation in females and voice change, facial hair growth, increased testicular volume in males)
  • Prolactin elevation
  • PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • Excessive growth of body hair in females
  • Certain menstrual disorders
  • Ambiguous genitalia (difficulty in sex assignment to newborn)

Pituitary gland problems

  • Pituitary tumours
  • Acromegaly (growth hormone excess)
  • Prolactinoma (prolactin excess)
  • Cushing’s syndrome (steroid excess)

Adrenal gland problems

  • Adrenal tumours (cancers, pheochromocytoma, paraganglioma)
  • Excess steroid hormones
  • Low steroid hormones
  • High blood pressure in young
  • Treatment resistant high blood pressure

Parathyroid and metabolic bone problems

  • Increased or low calcium
  • Parathyroid gland tumours
  • Osteoporosis
  • Rickets

Pediatric (childhood) endocrine problems

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Short stature: inadequate height gain
  • Growth hormone deficiency
  • Turner syndrome
  • Ambiguous genitalia (difficulty in sex assignment in new born baby)

Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN syndromes): tumour growth in multiple endocrine glands

Specialists

Endocrinologist and Diabetologist

Technology

  • Well-equipped laboratory set up for all hormonal assays
  • Advanced imaging (USG, CT and MRI scan) for endocrine glands
  • Facilities of USG guided thyroid FNACs

Blog/Tips of the day

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