Golden Rule of Complementary Feeding
Posted On: August 29, 2016
Posted By: Shalby Team
Category: Knowledge Resource, Pediatrics And Neonatology
When to start solids (weaning ) for your baby?
Every baby is different. Some mothers confused the word weaning with stopping breastfeeding.
According to WHO the right stage to start solid/ mushy food for your baby is around 6 months.
For first 6 months, exclusive Breastfeeding is important.
Follow the Golden rule of complementary feeding:
- Start with well cooked and mashed rice/ daliya/ ragi/ khichdi with sugar and ghee or fruits or vegetables puree. After a week or so, move to vegetables such as carrot or sweet potatoes or vice versa if you have started with cereals first.
- Get the order right. Always start with carbohydrates first and then proteins. For vegetarians its pulses and legumes (beans, peas, dry fruits etc), unlike non-vegetarians who can introduce chicken, fish, and meat. Fats are the last food to be introduced to the babies.
- Don’t mix flavors. Start your baby on single rather than mix food. Mixing flavors at this stage can blur the child’s sense of taste. Home prepared food is best.
- Encourage self-feeding. The aim is to get your baby to feed himself as soon as he can pick up and hold food. If a child chooses his own pieces of food he is more likely to eat it than if you hand it to the baby.
- Increase their water intake. When a baby is started on solid they need more water. Avoid any other drinks apart from milk.
- Know when they have had enough. If you are using a spoon and after eating well your baby turns his face away or looks down., then stop feeding it is a sign that you are overfeeding him.
- Eat with them. Put your baby in a high chair, as soon as, he can sit up unaided and have him eat with you. Eating with the family will encourage your child to try a wider range of food items.
- SALT: Never add too much to the food, you give to your baby because their kidneys can’t cope with it.
- SUGAR: Sugary food and drinks are not recommended for babies under a year, as they can encourage a sweet tooth and leads to decay.
- FIRST FOOD: 6 months: by around 6 months your baby will be ready to eat semi-solid food.
- First food should be rice and daal in semi-solid form with ghee, followed by blender types of fruits and vegetables.
- The texture should be pureed.
- 6 to 9 months:
- After 6 months you can introduce well-cooked meats (chicken, fish) – be sure to remove bones and gristle.
- If your child starts solid food for the first time after 6 months ensure you begin with rice, cereal, and pureed food before increasing the texture.
- Continue to introduce the variety of new food and texture to ensure your baby receives a good balance of nutrients.
- The texture should be MASHED OR FINELY CHOPPED.
- 9 to 12 months:
- You can introduce wheat products (such as pasta, bread, oats), cheese and eggs (unless there is a family history of food allergy).
- Your baby is now ready for a finger food to encourage them to learn them to self-feed.
- 12 months:
- You can now introduce cow’s milk and more solid food. Remember to ensure the pieces are not too hard or too big to avoid choking.
- Your baby will now enjoy self-feeding different food (be sure not to leave your child alone, to prevent choking)
- You should include FINGER FOOD and other food the family is eating.
By Dr. Deepshikha Sharma
Designation: Newborn and Child specialist
Department: Pediatrics And Neonatology
ABOUT THE AUTHOR
Shalby Hospitals (Shalby Limited) is recognised as a multispecialty hospital chain in the Indian healthcare industry. Dr Vikram I. Shah established the first hospital in 1994 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Dr. Shah has been felicitated by Ethicon India for the development…View
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