Hernia Surgery

What is Hernia?

A hernia is a protrusion of a structure, through an opening in the wall. The hernia has 3 parts: the orifice through which it herniates, the hernial sac, and its contents.

Types of Hernia

  • Inguinal Hernia
  • Different Herniae
  • Different Herniae
  • Hernia can be classified in different ways:

    • Congenital – by birth i.e., development disorders
    • Infantile – during infant stage due to weakness
    • Senile – due to weakness in elderly persons
    • Traumatic – due to injury or strain

      Further, it can be classified as:

    • Bulging
    • Sliding

    Trapped Hernia

    Strangulated Hernia

    It can also be classified as:

    • Reducible – which get back easily to original position
    • Non-reducible – which will not get reduced due to strangulation or obstruction

    Why do Hernias occur?

      Hernia can occur due to strain which can increase the abdominal pressure such as:

    • Weight lifting
    • Gaining weight
    • Chronic cough
    • Passing urine with great difficulty (enlarged prostate)
    • Straining at stool due to constipation, piles, fissure, etc.
    • Taking full and heavy meal
    • Pregnancy
    • Problems occurred due to operation of stomach
    • Defect in wall since birth

    Inguinal Hernia (Complete)

    Prolene Hernia System (PHS)

    <span class=”list-title”> Prolene Hernia System

    Hernial Path leading to testicle

    Developed by M/s ETHICON, after years of research, the two layered mesh Prolene Hernia system – popularly known as PHS, is in the shape of a button. It is inserted at the spot of the Hernia.

    The advantages of the use of Prolene Hernia System (PHS) are:

    • The chances of repeated Hernia problems will not occur in patients operated with PROLENE Hernia system
    • It is a tissue tension free repair which provides early recovery
    • Hospitalization is only for a day for patients operated with PROLENE Hernia system
    • Patient can be operated under local anesthesia
    • Patient can resume all work after few hours of surgery
    • There are no stitches and so there is no need of dressing

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