Book a Video Consultation

Emergency Number

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery

What is Cardio-Thoracic Surgery?

Cardiothoracic Surgery is a field of medical science that is implemented for the treatment of various diseases that affect the organs lying in close proximity to the thorax (the chest). This is usually implemented for the treatment of heart and lungs; which is referred to as cardiac surgery (involving the heart and great vessels) and thoracic surgery (involving lungs and other thoracic organs). However, it should be kept in mind that these are two different specialties in the surgical arena.


Surgical operation for the heart or great vessels is termed as cardiac surgery. It is performed by a cardiac surgeon or a team of cardiac surgeons. Usually, it is done to treat ischemic heart disease (through coronary artery bypass grafting), correct congenital heart disease, and treat valvular heart disease.

Open Heart surgery

As the name suggests, in this process, the patient’s chest is opened and the surgery of heart is performed. The term “OPEN” here is coined for the chest and not the heart. The size of opening in the chest depends on the nature of surgery to be performed.

Modern Beating-Heart Surgery

This method was introduced in the 1990s when surgeons began performing “off-pump bypass surgery” i.e., coronary artery bypass surgery without cardiopulmonary bypass. Here, the heart keeps beating during the operation but is stabilized to some extent in order to maintain an immobile work area.

Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery

Coronary Arterial Bypass GRAFT (CABG) Surgery: Conventional vs. Beating Heart

Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is an ideal option for patients with coronary heart disease. It gives optimal results by restoring adequate blood flow and usual delivery of oxygen & nutrients to the heart. Bypass surgery re-routes the blood flow around the blockage in coronary artery by creating an alternative pathway for blood. This enables blood for delivering necessary nutrients and oxygen to the heart muscle. There are two types of bypass surgery i.e., conventional (arrested heart) and beating heart.

Contact Shalby Hospitals for Open Heart Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Bypass Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Cardiac Surgeon, and Vascular Disease in India.

We aim at spreading smiles of good health, all across the world

At Shalby Hospitals, you'll Always be greeted with compassion and patient centric approach to healthcare

Blog/Tips of the day

byapss surgery after effects, byapss surgery advantages, heart byapss surgery, byapss surgery benefits

Understanding Vascular Bypass Surgery

Most people are aware of heart diseases and the consequences one has to face because of the blockage in blood vessels and arteries. However, what most people fail to realize is the fact that blockages which are caused due to the buildup of plaque as well as cholesterol tend to... Read More
All You Need To Know About Hypertension & Associated Health Risks

All You Need To Know About Hypertension & Associated Health Risks

Today, when we’re living an unhealthy lifestyle, lack of exercise and gorging on a poor diet, things can go absolutely wrong. Hypertension is one of the most common conditions incited by such a lifestyle causing nearly million deaths across the world. It’s a serious disease sans symptoms in the initial... Read More