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Women Health: Fibroids & Cysts

Both fibroids and cysts are common in females, especially in the period before menopause. Fibroids are usually noncancerous tumours that form in the muscular wall of the uterus. Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid and are found in or over the ovary. These might be very common in women, but never try to self-diagnose and start treatment on your own. Consult the best gynaecologist for proper diagnosis and a medical plan which is fit for you.

Uterine FibroidsOvarian Cysts
Usually develop from the muscles of the uterusFound developing in or over the ovaries
Dense, rigid and noncancerous tumoursFluid-filled sac, which is usually benign
Common, especially before menopauseCommon, especially before menopause
May be related to hormonal changes or endometriosisUsually linked to the menstrual cycle
Pelvic pain, bloating in abdomen, and menstrual and urinary problemsPelvic pain, bloating in abdomen, one-sided abdominal pain


symptoms of Fibroids: 

Fibroids initially can be very small, but grow their way to a big size at times. Symptoms may include:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Lloating, protruding abdomen
  • Very heavy and painful periods can lead to potential anaemia
  • Frequent urination
  • Rectal pressure
  • Enlarged abdomen

Though it usually grows during pregnancy and tends to shrink after menopause, at times it can also shrink when you take certain hormonal medicines.

Symptoms of Cyst:

  • A sharp or dull abdominal ache
  • A bloating, protruding abdomen
  • Pain felt in the lower back and also in thighs
  • Pain during sex
  • Painful periods
  • Breast tenderness
  • Frequent urination
  • Pain while urinating
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Bowel problems
  • Weight gain


When you consult the gynaecologists in India, he/she might suggest the appearance of a cyst or fibroid on the basis of a pelvic exam. Certain tests also help in understanding the abnormality and help in the diagnosis. In order to make sure that your symptoms are not a result of a cyst or fibroid, approach the best multispecialty hospital in India, and get your tests done to know the exact problem you are facing. These tests may include:

  • Abdominal ultrasound
  • Transvaginal ultrasound
  • Pelvic MRI


It is to be kept in mind that treatment for each individual is different and is based on many factors. To get your ideal treatment plan, consult the best gynecologist in Ahmedabad. In most cases, fibroids and cysts don’t need treatment, but if they are intervening with your conceiving process or creating problems, treatment is required.

Fibroids Treatment

  • Regular screening to see if it is sizing down on its own
  • Hormonal contraceptives to reduce the bleeding
  • Surgical removal of fibroids
  • Surgical removal of the uterus, which is known as a hysterectomy; can also influence and restrict you from bearing the child
  • Endometrial ablation
  • Uterine fibroid embolization

Cysts Treatment

  • Regular screening to see if it is sizing down on its own
  • Hormonal contraceptives help to lower the risk of cyst formation
  • Minimally invasive surgery to remove small cysts
  • Surgery to remove the ovary which is also known as oophorectomy


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