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Which are the 4 most common cardiovascular diseases in India?

In India, urbanization and modernization are moving at breakneck speed. While our development makes our hearts beat with pride, on the other side, it is heartbreaking to know that India is facing an appalling 200% increase in cardiac ailments among the population in the age group of 20-50 years in India, with more and more number of people undergoing cardiothoracic and vascular surgery with every passing year. With every step we move forward, our negligence to personal health can take us far more backward than we might have imagined.

It is appalling to know that India has one of the highest burdens of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) worldwide. As per the data on “Accidental Deaths & Suicides in India” (ADSI) compiled by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of deaths due to heart in India has remained consistently over 25,000 in the last four years, and over attacks 28,000 in the last three years.

Before we proceed to explore the most common CVDs prevalent in India, let’s discuss in brief what are cardiovascular or heart diseases:

You can either call them cardiovascular diseases or heart diseases. They refer to a condition affecting one or many parts of your heart or blood vessels. In some cases, a person might experience some kind of physical pain or discomfort and visit a cardiovascular surgeon to treat the disease. While in other cases, a person might not have any symptoms and collapse suddenly due to a heart attack or stroke.

Along with a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and excessive tobacco and alcohol consumption, the other culprits behind the CVD epidemic in India are low fruit and vegetable intake, increasing stress levels and lack of awareness of CVDs and their treatment options.

Which are the 4 most common CVDs in India? Let’s understand more about them:

Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic heart disease, also known as coronary artery disease or coronary heart disease is a condition where the heart does not get enough blood and oxygen. This is caused by the narrowed heart arteries due to the build-up of plaque which limits the blood flow to the heart. This might further cause a blood clot, block an artery and lead to sudden myocardial ischemia resulting in a heart attack.

In India, ischemic heart disease and stroke are the predominant causes and are responsible for more than 80% of CVD deaths. If you experience chest discomfort, shortness of breath even though you are physically active, sweating, dizziness, etc., you must visit the best cardiologist in India without any delay for the appropriate treatment.

Hypertensive Heart Disease

There is a shocking study conducted by the University of Oxford that revealed the fact that millions of people might be suffering from hypertension without even knowing it. Every 1 in 8 people is suffering from high blood pressure and is unaware of it because their BP level spikes only at night. Hypertension is one of the most common reasons behind heart attack, heart failure as well as blockage of leg arteries leading to pain and gangrene.

However, if you keep your BP under control through regular check-ups and adopt a healthy lifestyle that includes a nutritious diet, exercise, good sleep and stress management, you can prevent the CVD that arises due to hypertension.


This is one of the most common heart diseases which is caused due to irregularity in the heart rhythm. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common type of arrhythmia in India. AF is an irregular and very fast heart rhythm that causes blood clots in the heart which increases the risk of heart failure, stroke and other heart-related complications.

Rheumatic Heart Disease

Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) is a type of condition where the heart valves get damaged due to rheumatic fever. In India, rheumatic heart disease causes cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among children, adolescents and young adults. Hence, it is necessary to treat rheumatic fever before it damages one’s heart and leads to heart failure.

India is the RHD capital of the world with almost 40% of all people living with RHD.


Most heart-related diseases are preventable if one stays alert about the symptoms like excessive fatigue, headache, breathlessness, etc. People with diabetes, obesity and high cholesterol levels should keep a check on their health and visit their doctors at regular intervals to avoid any sudden incidence of a heart attack. In cases of any emergency, try giving cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), a lifesaving technique that improves the chances of survival before one rushes to the cardiac surgery hospital in India.

Shalby Hospitals- The Best Heart Treatment Hospital in Ahmedabad

If you are looking for a top-notch cardiac care hospital with experienced doctors, then Shalby is the most preferred hospital for the same. Shalby Multi-Specialty Hospital with its modern cardiac care facilities is equipped to treat any cardiac issue, be it a heart attack or a heart blockage. Recently, Shalby Hospital organized the workshop for 15,000 citizens and equipped them with the knowledge of becoming ‘Jeevan Rakshaks’ in case of sudden cardiac arrest, near drowning, and choking, along with other health emergencies.

Shalby, also regarded as the best heart hospital in Ahmedabad, provides prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation for everyone from infants to adults. In addition to the above-listed programs, Shalby Hospitals also provides a few unique programs that cater to minimally invasive valve replacement procedures. For example, wake cardiac surgery, key-hole surgery, and bypass surgery, or beating heart coronary artery grafting.

Schedule an appointment for cardiovascular surgery and care at the top hospital in India.

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