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Osteoarthritis: Causes and Treatments

April 21, 2022

Osteoarthritis: causes & treatment

Shalby Team

Orthopedic & Trauma


Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis that affects the joints in your hands, knees, hips, and spine. The condition develops when the protective cartilage surrounding the bones wears down over time.

Over the 28 years, we have successfully treated lakhs of patients with orthopedic and trauma ailments at Shalby Hospitals. With more than 1,30,000 joint replacement successful surgeries and marking our presence globally, we understand the criticality of osteoarthritis. It is first important for the patients to know about the condition and what causes the pain before starting their treatment.

What Causes Osteoarthritis?

The Best orthopedic doctor in Ahmedabad calls osteoarthritis wear and tear disease. This is because it occurs due to joint damage. The damage can have a cumulative effect over time or age may put the joints under pressure. It is caused mostly by:

  • Ageing
  • Any past injury to joints.
  • Joint malformation.
  • Obesity.
  • Poor posture.

Furthermore, you are more likely to develop osteoarthritis, if you:

  • Have a family history of the condition.
  • Are more than 50 years of age.
  • Have undergone menopause.
  • Are a woman (women are more likely to have osteoarthritis than men).
  • Are involved in an occupation that involves climbing, heavy lifting, or similar activities.
  • Have a history of injury.
  • Have a medical condition that affects your joint health.

What Are the Symptoms of Osteoarthritis?

The symptoms of osteoarthritis may not be apparent from the beginning. The symptoms are usually mistaken for old age. Hence, any type of discomfort or pain has to be acknowledged to avoid health escalations. You should visit the Best orthopedic doctor in India if you have the following persistent symptoms:

Best Orthopedic Hospital in India - Shalby Hospitals  

What Are the Complications of Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis can take a toll on daily activities and cause both physical and mental complications. The inability to do work can also impact mental well-being. Thus, deteriorating the patient’s life.

The complications include:

  • Weight gain due to decreased mobility.
  • Inadequate sleep.
  • Osteonecrosis or bone death.
  • Hairline fractures.
  • Bleeding in the joints.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Irritability.

What Are the Treatments of Osteoarthritis?

The Best orthopedic hospital in Ahmedabad will focus the treatment on managing symptoms. The doctor will prescribe certain medications, lifestyle changes, and home remedies to deal with pain, stiffness, and swelling in the joints.

Exercise and maintaining weight are crucial to managing the symptoms of osteoarthritis. Obesity or carrying extra weight increases the stress on joints, especially the knees and hips. Low impact exercise can enhance your endurance as well as strengthen the muscles around the joints.

The doctor will also encourage physical therapy or other occupational therapy to deal with joint pain. In the case of severe cases, joint replacement surgery will be recommended.

Shalby Hospital

Shalby Hospital is the best orthopedic hospital in India providing exceptional orthopedic care to patients. With our roots dating back to 1994, today we are a renowned name in and around the world. Our 28 years of excellence, compassion, and innovation are continually transcending around the globe. We attribute the success of our interventions to the acclaimed team of surgeons for their surgical, technical, and innovative abilities to solve both simple and complex orthopedic problems.

We understand how osteoarthritis can affect a patient’s life. Hence, our treatment is focused on relieving pain by treating its root. Our treatment is a combination of medications, physical therapy, surgery (if needed), and rehabilitation. Our in-house physiotherapy and rehabilitation centers ensure that the patients can carry out daily tasks and become independent. You can know more about us here.


Shalby Team

Shalby Hospitals (Shalby Limited) is recognised as a multispecialty hospital chain in the Indian healthcare industry. Dr Vikram I. Shah established the first hospital in 1994 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Dr. Shah has been felicitated by Ethicon India for the development…


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