Know your Kidney Stones: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
Posted On: June 29, 2022
You might have obviously heard that kidney stones are painful. They do are but not always. If you have a stone don’t worry, you are not the one, Kidney stones are one of the extremely common issues people suffer and the lifetime risk of forming a stone in a body is very high.
Do you know that after every half an hour kidney filters the blood and excretes the waste from the body in form of urine? Kidney stones are deposits of solids that are made from minerals like calcium or waste product such as uric acid. These deposits get develop primarily when one does not feel the urge to urinate often.
Symptoms of Kidney Stones
Kidney stones are usually silent in symptoms and don’t bother unless the stones move in your kidney or pass into your ureters.
- Pain in the side or back below the ribcage that is severe and shrill
- Pain radiating to the lower abdomen
- A pain that fluctuates in severity and comes and goes
- Pain or burning sensation while urinating
- Reddish or brownish urine with a strong odour
- A persistent urge to urinate
- Urinating more than usual or urinating in small volumes
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills if you have an infection
When will you need surgery for the removal of the stone?
Climate condition, diet, lifestyle, being obese, some supplements, and medications are among the various causes of Stones in the Kidney. Stones that are smaller than 5mm often pass through the urine naturally without any treatment. Kidney stone treatment hospitals have become so advanced nowadays that they usually manage the condition through medication or a Short Stay surgery. Some stones which get stuck in your tract or are bigger to pass out normally need to be removed through surgery.
The best urologist in India will suggest a procedure or surgery to remove stones if:
- Stone is large and won't pass on its own
- You're in extreme pain and discomfort.
- The stone is obstructing urine flow out of your kidney.
- UTI (Urinary tract infection) due to stone
Types of Kidney Stone Surgeries:
There are a variety of highly effective kidney stone surgeries available, ranging from non-invasive to minimally invasive.
The following are some of the most common procedures performed at Shalby Hospitals:
Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) - It is a procedure where ultrasound energy is used to break a kidney stone into smaller pieces that can easily be passed through urine.
Ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy- Without any incision, a small ureteroscope (camera) is inserted through the urethra into the bladder, and up to your stone.
If needed, a small laser fiber is used to break the stone into smaller pieces.
A little stone basket that was inserted is used to remove stone shreds.
In most situations, a temporary plastic stent is placed inside the ureter to guarantee that any swelling does not prevent stone particles from draining out.
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)- This is a minimally invasive procedure that is used to remove bigger in size stones from the kidney, which does not respond well to other procedures, or if there is a large number of small stones in one kidney.
Will I get Kidney Stones again?
Yes, the body which has a tendency to make stones once, has a high probability to develop stones again after removal. Study shows that about 40% of patients can develop a stone 2nd time after surgery or removal.
That’s why the best urologist in India suggests going for regular check-ups.
How to prevent the reformation Of Stones?
After kidney stone treatment a patient must undergo various blood, urine, and stone analysis tests in order to lower the risk of stone reformation. Patients who are found to have specific metabolic abnormalities can be treated medically. The rest of the patients are advised to change their diets and drink more water.
Our urologists at Shalby Hospitals are highly qualified and experienced in a wide range of surgical and non-surgical techniques for kidney stone removal. Don’t ignore the symptoms of kidney stones, they may lead to serious kidney issues.
Consult the best urologist in city now.
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