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Measure your BP accurately, Control it and Live Longer- World Hypertension Day

May 16, 2022

mesure your bp accurately control it

Shalby Team

General Medicine


May 17 is observed as World Hypertension Day and we would like to spread some basic awareness about it.

1 in 4 adults worldwide have high BP

So what is normal BP and what is considered High BP?

Normal: < 120/80 mm of Hg

Elevated: >120-129/ 80 mm of Hg

Stage 1: >130-139/80-89 mm of Hg

Stage 2: > 140/90 mm of Hg

White Coat Hypertension: High BP at the hospital but normal at home

Masked Hypertension: Normal BP at the hospital but high at home.

What are the causes of High BP?

  • Genetic Factors and Family history
  • Age
  • Access intake of salt
  • Smoking tobacco, excessive alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Sleep Apnea
  • Thyroid and another hormone disease/ Adrenal disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Steroids and other drugs including (NSAIDs)
  • Hypertension in Pregnancy

How patient will know that BP is high?

  • Mild to moderate BP is mostly asymptomatic
  • Most of the patients are diagnosed during routine doctor’s visits or health check-ups

1. Sudden high BP may cause

  • Headache
  • Confusion
  • Fatigue
  • Vision problem
  • Nausea, vomiting
  • Chest discomfort
  • Palpitation

2. Sever high BP may cause:

  • Brain hemorrhage/ stroke
  • Heart failure
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Retina (Eye) hemorrhage

What are the complications of High BP?

If BP is not treated properly, a long time BP can cause:

  • Kidney damage
  • Eyes retina damage
  • Brain vessels narrowing/ clots/ bleeding- Brain stroke
  • Heart vessels narrowing – Heart attack

High BP is a silent killer, every person should get their blood pressure checked, and if it’s high they should go for proper treatment as per the doctor’s advice.

Regular health check-ups and visits to your physician will prevent life-threatening complications of High Blood pressure.

How to monitor your Blood Pressure at Home?

  • Check BP when you are relaxed, and at rest comfortably
  • 5 to 10 minutes after sitting or in a supine (laying down) position.
  • Don’t check immediately after exercise or after taking tea, coffee, smoking, or taking alcohol.
  • Use a good BP measuring machine.
  • The cuff should cover your arm properly, it should not be too tight or too loose
  • BP machine should be placed at your heart level
  • Check both arms every time, and keep a record to show your doctor at your next visit

Care you should take when high BP is diagnosed

  • Take regular medicines as per the doctor’s advice
  • Low salt diet: Avoid extra salt added to food
  • Avoid pickles, sauces, and food with preservatives, fried food, ready-to-make packets, chatni etc.
  • Consume low-fat diet
  • Keep control of your diabetes and cholesterol level
  • Do the regular exercise as per the doctor’s advice
  • Focus on your mental health and reduce stress, regular diet, and take proper sleep
  • Avoid tobacco smoking and consuming alcohol
  • Get your regular health check-up done to avoid complications

Always remember “Prevention is better than cure”

Proper BP control will prevent you from life-threatening complications and help you avoid damaging your heart, kidney, and brain.

Stay Healthy, Stay Safe.

Dr. Falguni Iyer

MD Medicine, AFIH

Shalby Hospitals – SG


Shalby Team

Shalby Hospitals (Shalby Limited) is recognised as a multispecialty hospital chain in the Indian healthcare industry. Dr Vikram I. Shah established the first hospital in 1994 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Dr. Shah has been felicitated by Ethicon India for the development…


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