Epilepsy

Educate yourself about Epilepsy. Treat it! Never give up Hope!! Epilepsy is a brain disorder in which a person has repeated seizures (convulsions) over the time. Seizures are episodes of disturbed brain electrical activity that cause changes in attention or behavior.

Types

  • Partial
  • Generalized

Beginning

Epilepsy can affect anyone. There are more chances if a family history of seizures or epilepsy exists. There is no one specific cause or cure for Epilepsy.

Symptoms

Symptoms vary from person to person. Some people may have simple staring spells, while others have violent shaking and loss of alertness.

Diagnosis

  • Detail Clinical Neurological Examination by Neurologist is a must in case of Epilepsy
  • EEG (Electro Encephalo Gram) done to check the electrical activity in the brain. The brain may appear normal after a seizure or between seizures
  • Patient may need to stay in the hospital where brain activity can be monitored on video cameras through Video EEG
  • Head CT or MRI Brain with epilepsy protocol

Do’s and Don’ts
Do:

  • Take your medicine as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Remember to re-consult your doctor from time to time
  • Report any side effects that you experience while taking the drugs

Don’t:

  • Alcohol/ recreational drugs
  • Skipping epilepsy medications
  • Lack of Sleep
  • Excessive Fasting
  • Never share your medicines
  • Never stop medicines without the permission of your doctor
  • Medicines need to be taken every day to be effective

In case of a seizure:

  • Turn the person to his side
  • Loosen any tight clothing
  • Do not try to stop the movements
  • Do not put anything between the teeth

Anti-epileptic Drugs help to reduce the frequency of seizures and eventually control the seizures. People with epilepsy can live a normal life and epilepsy is not contagious. If seizures last for more than 5 minutes it is called Status Epilepticus and is an emergency condition.

When to visit the Epilepsy Clinic?

  • When a person has a seizure for the first time
  • Seizures are not controlled with Anti-epileptic Drugs

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