Who are Oncologists? The Different Types of Oncologists
Posted On: December 29, 2022
Cancer is an ailment that requires proper assistance, assessment, and attention. Here's exactly why an Oncologist — with considerable professional expertise — matters.
Oncology is a crucial area of healthcare that focuses on cancer and a doctor who specializes in Oncology is known as an Oncologist. Oncologists are of various kinds. These medical professionals are capable of treating a wide range of cancers in various body sections of their patients. An oncologist can base your regimen on pathology results if you have cancer. The form of cancer you possess, how far along it is, and how rapidly it is projected to spread will all play a role in this.
Oncologists frequently use extremely precise equipment and technological processes while carefully monitoring and documenting numerous pieces of information pertaining to patient care. Following are some of the different kinds of Oncologists and their services:
Types of Oncologists — the common three
1. Surgical Oncologists
A surgeon who focuses on performing cancerous tumour excision surgery is known as a surgical oncologist. They practise intensive training in oncology and associated surgical techniques, but they are essentially general surgeons. They have further training in doing specific kinds of biopsies to aid in cancer diagnosis.
2. Medical Oncologists
A medical oncologist is a specialist who uses chemotherapy and other drugs, such as targeted treatment or immunotherapy, to treat cancer. He oversees the creation of the patient's therapy as the patient's primary health practitioner.
A medical oncologist will collaborate with other physicians to develop the best treatment strategy for you. Your cancer diagnosis will be explained to you, along with its type and stage. You can control your cancer symptoms and adverse effects with their assistance.
3. Radiation Oncologists
A professional practitioner who employs radiation therapy to treat cancer patients is known as a radiation oncologist. To develop and implement radiation therapy regimens, radiation oncologists collaborate with other medical professionals in teams.
Oncologists use radiation to shrink the tumour or slow tumour growth when it is impossible to completely eradicate the cancer cells. This is done without harming nearby tissues. The term for this is palliative therapy. The major goal of the treatment is to enhance the patient's overall well-being by reducing tumour growth and the symptoms that go along with it.
Other Types of Oncologists
- Neuro-Oncologist — these practitioners deal with tumours of the brain and cancer that harms the nervous system.
- Hemato-Oncologist — they are the ones who treat leukaemia, blood cancer, lymphoma, and all other types of blood cancer.
- Paediatric oncologists — a paediatric oncologist is an expert in treating cancer in children.
- Gynae-oncologists — Gynaecologic oncologists are medical professionals that specialise in treating cancers of the female reproductive system. Includes ovarian, uterine, and cervical cancer treatment.
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