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Piles, Fistula & Fissures – Causes, Symptoms & Treatment

April 11, 2022

Piles, fistula & fissures: causes, symptoms & treatement

Shalby Team



Piles are one of the most common disorders that anybody may suffer from. Piles are sometimes known as hemorrhoids. Piles are anal vein swollen comprised of blood vessels, elastic fibers, and tissues. They swell, causing significant bleeding and pain in the patient. When hemorrhoids erupt from the anal canal, they are painful.

An anal fistula is a microscopic tunnel that connects an abscess, or diseased cavity in the anus, to a skin hole that surrounds the anus. The anus is the external opening through which feces are released from the body. The anus has several small glands that create mucus. An abscess may form if these glands become clogged and infected. A fistula will form in around half of these abscesses.

On the other hand, a small tear in the thin, wet tissue that surrounds the anus is what an anal fissure is. When you pass hard or big feces during a bowel movement, an anal fissure may emerge. Anal fissures are known to cause discomfort and bleeding during bowel movements. They affect both males and women, as well as children and the elderly. During bowel movements, fissures may cause significant pain. An anal fissure is also the most common cause of rectal bleeding in children.

Causes & Symptoms of Piles


The underlying causes of piles include constipation and hard stools. As a consequence of increased pressure in the lower rectum, some people develop piles. If a patient has constipation and hard feces, they may have piles. Venous pressure is the most common cause of hemorrhoids. Other common symptoms include:

  • Obesity
  • Smoking or ingesting lots of tobacco
  • Constipation


Generally, piles symptoms are straightforward. After a few days, this illness may be rectified on its own. However, here are a few indications and symptoms that piles patients often face:

  • Pain while excreting
  • Blood in the stool and so on

Causes & Symptoms of anal Fistula


Anal fistulas are most often caused by the blocking of anal glands and extra abscesses in the anal glands. Few other causes could be:

  • Trauma to the anus or abdomen area
  • Cancer
  • Exposure to Radiation
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Tuberculosis


Following are the signs and symptoms of Anal Fistula:

  • Bleeding through anus
  • Frequent discharge of abscesses from the anus
  • Experience pain while excreting
  • Fever and fatigue

Causes & symptoms of Fissures


Trauma to the abdomen or anus is the most common cause of Fissures. Other common causes include:

  • Long-term constipation or diarrhea
  • Poor bowel movements or habits, and
  • Other anal medical problems.


  • Blood while excreting
  • Experience of pain or discomfort while urinating or excreting
  • Constipation
  • Experience of pain after a long time post bowel movements

Treatment for Piles, Fissure & Fistula

Anal fissure treatment is used to reduce discomfort and bleeding by softening stools and decreasing pressure on the anal canal. Surgery is the gold standard for treating anal fissures. However, owing to the challenges involved, it is only available to patients who are intolerant to non-surgical therapy or who have proved that non-surgical treatments are useless. We are one of the only top hospitals in India that treat Anal fissures with the help of the latest technology and innovations.

In the case of Piles, treatment techniques are often decided by the severity of the person's Piles. Medications may help treat piles to some extent, depending on the severity of the symptoms. If the patient's symptoms are severe, surgical procedures may be utilized to treat them.

Likewise, surgery is almost always necessary to heal an anal fistula. The surgery is carried out by surgeons who are most proficient and expert in this area. Shalby Hospital is one of the best hospitals in India and has a number of experts treating piles, fistula, and fissures. The goal of the procedure is to preserve the anal sphincter muscles.

Short stay surgery at Shalby Hospitals

However, even if all this information seems worrying, it must be noted that the treatment for these diseases is very brief and easy. The first and foremost step towards the treatment is to find the best multispecialty hospital in India which can treat all of these illnesses.

For all of these diseases, the common treatment is surgery. But you do not need to worry as the Shalby hospital is the right place for this treatment. The Short stay surgeries at Shalby hospitals are in themselves the easiest surgeries one could go through. They are not as complicated and do not require the patient to suffer. It does not take more than an hour and requires no more than an overnight stay at the hospital. Although how long you need to stay at the hospital depends upon the hospital you are choosing. If you are in Ahmedabad, you might be confused about the various choices you are offered. Here is why you should choose Shalby hospitals:

  • We are one of the best hospitals in Ahmedabad
  • There are no incisions and no tissue excisions, therefore the operation is less painful.
  • There is no bleeding
  • Quick healing after a brief hospital stay
  • There are no postoperative bandages, as in open operations
  • The patient may return to work as soon as possible.


Shalby Team

Shalby Hospitals (Shalby Limited) is recognised as a multispecialty hospital chain in the Indian healthcare industry. Dr Vikram I. Shah established the first hospital in 1994 in Ahmedabad, Gujarat. Dr. Shah has been felicitated by Ethicon India for the development…


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