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Understanding Breast Cancer

October 16, 2015

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Understanding Breast Cancer

by Shalby Hospital, Ahmedabad.

There are various myths about breast cancer in our society. One in eight woman may suffer from this condition during their lifetime. Following aspects will help you to know breast cancer.

Myths about Cancer

  • I will never have cancer
  • It is a difficult to treat disease
  • It last long
  • Expensive treatment

Facts about Cancer

  • Early Diagnosis can result into cure
  • It is a long treatment requiring cooperation understanding from patient & relatives
  • Multimodality treatment improves survival
  • Almost 60% of Cancers Are

    PREVENTABLE !

What Are the Risk Factors for Breast Cancer?

  • Individual or family history of breast cancer
  • A history of ovarian cancer
  • A genetic predisposition (mutations to the BRCA1 or BRCA2 )
  • Estrogen exposure
  • Atypical hyperplasia of the breast
  • Lifestyle factors (obesity, lack of exercise, alcohol use)
  • Radiation Exposure

What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?

  • New lumps or a thickening in the breast or under the arm
  • Nipple tenderness, discharge, or physical changes
  • Skin irritation or changes, such as puckers, dimples, scaliness, or new creases
  • Warm, red, swollen breasts with a rash resembling the skin of an orange
  • Pain in the breast (usually not a symptom of breast cancer, but should be reported to a doctor

How is Breast Cancer Evaluated?

  • Screening and/or diagnostic mammography
  • Ultrasound
  • Magnetic Resonance imaging (MRI) scan
  • Biopsy is necessary to confirm a diagnosis

How is Breast Cancer Treated?

  • Treatment depends on stage of cancer
  • More than one treatment may be used
  • Surgery
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Targeted therapy

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