Bariatric Surgery and Fighting Obesity
Posted On: July 26, 2022
According to Global Obesity Observatory, 7 in every 10 people in India suffer from obesity. The prevalence of obesity in the country is close to 40.3%. People suffering from obesity try to lose weight with vigorous exercise and diet. The methods, however, fail to bring results with extreme obesity. In such cases, Bariatric Treatment is performed to help people in losing weight.
What is Obesity?
Body Mass Index or BMI is a gold standard for measuring obesity. The BMI measures height concerning weight and defines the level of obesity. This level is used by the Best bariatric surgeon Ahmedabad to determine if bariatric surgery is needed.
Clinically, a patient is described as severely obese with a BMI of more than 40 kg/m2 or a BMI of over 35 kg/m2 in combination with severe health problems. The associated health problems include Type 2 diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, and sleep apnea.
What is a Gastric Surgery?
Obesity Surgery in India follows a simple approach to restricting food intake and decreasing the absorption of food in the stomach and intestine.
To understand the surgery in a better way, it is important to first know the process of digestion. The process of digestion starts in the mouth when the food is mixed with saliva. This food reaches the stomach to interact with digestive juices and breaks them down into nutrients and calories. This simpler broken-down food enters the small intestine where it is mixed with bile and pancreatic juice to enhance absorption.
The Best bariatric surgeon Ahmedabad performs the surgery in a way to alter the usual digestion process. The surgery ensures that the number of nutrients and calories generated are lesser. This enables the patient to lose weight.
What Are the Types of Bariatric Surgeries?
Bariatric Treatment involves a few types of surgeries that are performed according to the patient’s conditions. The surgery may follow an “open” approach by cutting the abdomen or may be performed with laparoscopy. Usually, the Best bariatric surgeon Ahmedabad prefers the laparoscopic approach as it is economical, causes lesser damage to tissues, reduces complications and results in faster recovery.
The surgeries are of 4 types:
- Adjustable gastric banding (AGB)
- Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB)
- Biliopancreatic diversion with a duodenal switch (BPD-DS)
- Vertical sleeve gastrectomy (VSG)
The type of surgery depends on various patient factors such as BMI, health problems associated with obesity, eating patterns, and several previous gastric surgeries. The surgeons discuss the pros and cons of each surgical approach with the patient before moving ahead with the procedure.
What Are the Risks Involved with Bariatric Treatment?
As with all types of surgery, bariatric surgery is associated with risks such as internal bleeding, infections, and pulmonary embolism (blood clots in the lungs). It is estimated that the risk of dying shortly after bariatric surgery is around 1 in 200. The complications, however, are much lesser with the laparoscopic approach.
Moreover, bariatric treatment asks for discipline from people after the surgery. This includes adhering to a lifelong diet and exercise plan to avoid putting on weight gain as well as reduce health complications.
Shalby Hospitals are a chain of multispeciality hospitals in India with an extensive success rate in bariatric surgeries. Our laparoscopic bariatric surgery has helped hundreds of patients to restore their confidence and lose weight. Contact us here to know more about us.
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