Mucormycosis – Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment
Posted On: July 1, 2021
Mucormycosis is a fungal infection primarily afflicting people with a vulnerable immune system caused by certain illnesses. Mucormycosis needs immediate attention and treatment because it can otherwise cause fatal results.
Top healthcare centers like Shalby Hospital offer world-class infrastructure and treatment to patients diagnosed with Mucormycosis.
What are the symptoms of mucormycosis?
Mucormycosis often exhibits as skin or respiratory infection. Some of the common symptoms of this fungal infection are cough, fever, headache, nasal congestion, and sinus pain. Mucormycosis occurs through a skin infection, in any part of your body, with high chances of occurring in places that have skin trauma. The infection is quick to spread from one area of the body to another. The common indications of having Mucormycosis through skin infection is:
- Your skin tissues are turning black.
- There are sudden blisters all over your skin.
- Frequent fever.
- Red, tender, and inflamed skin texture.
- Sometimes, skin ulcers might also occur.
What are its causes?
Exposure to mucormyete molds is the main cause of Mucormycosis. These are fungus occurring in our natural surroundings like trees, compost, soil, or rotten wood. One can catch Mucormycosis by breathing in the air that contains these mold spores. The process is known as sinus or pulmonary exposure.
People who have a weakened immune system, on breathing these spores, can develop the infection in their central nervous system, eyes, face, lungs, and sinus. Your skin also has the potential of getting infected by this virus through cuts and burns- the wound becomes the site of skin infection.
Even though these fungi occur in the environment naturally, not everyone is prone to this infection. As mentioned earlier, it is a threat for those people who have a weak immune system due to any illness or health conditions.
Recently, several cases of Mucormycosis have been reported all over India. Covid survivors are mostly affected by this as their immune system has become weak. Apart from Covid-19, there are many other diseases like HIV or AIDS, cancer, and diabetes that can increase the risk of Mucormycosis. There is an increased chance of getting infected if you have burns, cuts, and scrapes on your skin. Patients who have undergone organ transplants are also at high risk.
What are the treatment options?
Mucormycosis is a familiar term today, owing to the COVID-19 pandemic and its effects. But this ailment is now new, and the most concerning thing is that people affected by Mucormycosis are often unaware that they have acquired this infection.
If you have any skin, sinus, or lung infection, reach out to Shalby Hospital, for diagnosis and medical guidance offered by experienced doctors. To determine mucormycosis, a sample of tissue is first tested in the laboratory and then appropriate treatment methods are carried out. The first step is to inject intravenous antifungal medications followed by surgical debridement, wherein the infected tissues are surgically removed. It would help to remove the infection and stop its spread on other parts of your body.
If your body responds well to the treatment, your doctor will replace the IV medications with the oral ones.
To cure Mucormycosis, patients need to undergo proper treatments. If left untreated, the infection can reach the lungs and brains, causing deteriorated health conditions and even death.
Mucormycosis is not a contagious disease, and you might get it from the surroundings. To prevent this infection, the best way is to take proper self-care measures. Wear a mask, which will not only help you to prevent Covid but also to prevent Mucormycosis. Do yoga, breathing exercises, and eat a healthy diet. Take extra precautions during summers and autumns, as the fungus increases during this time of the year. Finally, do not panic, follow the preventive measures, and visit your doctor immediately if any issue occurs.
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