All you need to know about Coronary Heart Disease
Posted On: November 30, 2021
Coronary arteries are the blood vessels wrapped around the heart that transport blood and oxygen to the heart. Coronary Heart Disease occurs when these arteries become too narrow to function optimally. Coronary Heart Disease is also called Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Cholesterol is built upon the insides of the arteries that narrow the passageway hindering the blood flow. According to the best cardiologist in Jaipur, Coronary Heart Disease, if severe, can become a cause of heart attack.
Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
CHD begins with an injury to the insides of the coronary artery, which leads to the deposition of fats, cholesterol, and waste products from cells. The plaque formed is termed atherosclerosis. It is when pieces of the plaque break, platelets clot the blood vessel leading to blockage in the artery, causing a heart attack.
Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease
Best Cardiac Surgeon in Jaipur says that CHD is a significant reason for angina. Angina is a type of pain across the chest accompanied by the following feelings:
- Shortness of breath
Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease
The best cardiologist in Jaipur suggests the following to prevent CHD:
- Limiting the amount of salt in food
- Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Foods high in saturated fats lead to increased levels of bad cholesterol level and should be avoided to prevent blockage in the coronary arteries. Given below are foods with a high concentration of saturated fats:
- Cakes and cookies
- Foods cooked in coconut or palm oil
- Unsaturated fats result in increasing good cholesterol. Add these foods to your diet. Foods with high amounts of unsaturated fats are:
- Sunflower, olive, rapeseed, and vegetable oils
- Oily fish
Treatment of Coronary Heart Disease
CHD cannot be cured, but its effects can be managed. Some of the ways to do this include adopting a healthy lifestyle such as eating healthy, having good sleep, regular workout, quitting smoking, etc. For people with severe conditions, there are several types of medications to control the effects of CHD.
These medications are:
- Beta-blockers- These reduce blood pressure and heart rate to prevent heart attacks.
- Calcium blockers- These stretch the coronary artery to improve the flow of blood.
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors- These are used to reduce blood pressure and thus help in controlling the symptoms of CHD.
- Nitroglycerin- It is available in the form of sprays, tablets, and patches. It helps in widening the arteries and soothes chest pain.
Another way of treating CHD is by surgical methods. The Best Heart Hospital in Jaipur says that if arteries are too narrow, they need to be replaced. It is accomplished by Laser surgery, Coronary bypass surgery, and angioplasty, and stent placement.
Risks of Coronary Heart Disease
Given below are the factors that can increase a person’s chances of developing Coronary Heart Disease:
- High blood pressure
- Low levels of high-density lipoprotein
- High levels of low-density lipoprotein
- Family history of CHD
Diagnosis of Coronary Heart Disease
A doctor can diagnose coronary heart disease by closely examining medical history. There are several tests such as Holter monitor, ECG, Ultrasound, stress test, coronary catheterization, CT scan, etc., that help in the diagnosis of CHD.
For any discomfort, you can reach out to the doctors at Shalby Multispeciality Hospitals, Jaipur. It is one of the best heart hospitals with a team of specialist doctors experts in their respective fields. We have a successful record of treating many complicated medical conditions in our years of practice.
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